Aquaponics System: What You Need To Know
You probably want to know what’s exactly involved in an aquaponics system before purchasing the materials to set up the system. It is wise move to take time for your preparation and research on what aquaponics system can do and how it satisfies your needs.
Aquaponics is a mixture of two farming approaches, hydroponics and aquaculture. This new technique has been attracting passionate practitioners over recent years because it eliminates the troubles of older approaches. With aquaponics system fish farming and gardening becomes easier and cleaner to maintain.
Balance in the Backyard Ecosystem
Aquaponics is a biological system that you can keep in your backyard (backyard aquaponics). In order to make it thrive, the system must maintain its balance. To do so, there are three main key players to consider: the plants, the fish and the bacteria. All three must be present to create and maintain the system, otherwise the system cannot be completed.
When you raise fish in a tank, they naturally produce waste products. That will contaminate the water. Also, since you need to feed them daily, leftovers of fish feed will add to the dirt in the water. As you can imagine the water becomes quite dirty over time and it can be toxic for the fish to live in.
While that’s happening in the water, there is something else happening. The growth of bacteria. Naturally occurring bacteria like nitrobacter is another key player to the aquaponics system because they can break down the waste products from fish such as ammonia. Those bacteria can change the form of dirt in the water into something that plants can absorb as nutrition.
When the water gets pumped up to the garden beds, the plants soak up the nutrition. As the water moves through the plants, the water gets filtered and aerated. The cleaned, oxygenated water goes back to the fish tank after the filtration, and the whole cycle resumes again.
The process needs to be repeated at least once every two hours. Once you set up the system, you’ll have the biological filter operating at all times. You don’t have to replace or drain the fish water to keep the water quality. It’s automatically done by the plants while you can enjoy fresh harvests of organic vegetables.
Another advantage of aquaponics is that the plants are looked after automatically too. You don’t have to water them everyday, you don’t have to fertilize them either. With the advantage of no soil gardening, it eliminates soil related disease. So it is easier to grow your vegetables with NO herbicides, No pesticides and practically No chemicals.
All you have to do is monitor water levels and make sure the fish tank is not overcrowded, which can be easily done when you feed them.